Lonely Hearts Romance Fraudster Alert

EUROPOL – INTERNET ORGANISED CRIME THREAT ASSESSMENT 2018

Catherine De Bolle, Executive Director of Europol:-

It is my pleasure to introduce the 2018 Internet Organised Crime Threat Assessment (IOCTA), not only as it is the fifth anniversary edition of the report, but also my first as the Executive Director of Europol.

The IOCTA has been and continues to be a flagship strategic product for Europol. It provides a unique law enforcement focused assessment of the emerging threats and key developments in the field of cybercrime over the last year. This is of course only possible thanks to the invaluable contributions from European law enforcement and the ongoing support we receive from our partners in private industry, the financial sector and academia.

Each year the report highlights cyber-attacks of an unprecedented scope and scale. This year is no different, demonstrating the continuing need for greater cooperation and collaboration within our law enforcement community, an ethos at the very heart of Europol’s mission. The report also brings to our attention previously underestimated threats, such as telecommunication frauds, demonstrating the necessity for law enforcement to constantly adapt and develop and the need for continued training in all aspects of cybercrime.

While some cyber-attacks continue to grab headlines with their magnitude, other areas of cybercrime are no less of a threat or concern. Payment fraud continues to emphasise significant financial losses, criminal gains and the facilitation of other crime; while online child sexual exploitation epitomises the worst aspects of the internet and highlights the ever present danger to our children from those who would seek to exploit or abuse them.

This year’s report also describes a number of key legislative and technological developments, such as the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the Network and Information Security (NIS) directive and 5G technology. While these developments are positive, all will in some way impact on our ability as law enforcement officers to effectively investigate cybercrime. This emphasises the need for law enforcement to engage with policy makers, legislators and industry, in order to have a voice in how our society develops.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

https://www.europol.europa.eu/internet-organised-crime-threat-assessment-2018

FULL REPORT

https://www.europol.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/iocta2018.pdf

Are you at risk of being scammed on your phone? Millions don’t have antivirus software – and feel pressured by limited-time offers

As many as 61 per cent of smartphone users could be leaving themselves vulnerable to scammers online, according to a new survey.

With more people now shopping online with their phones than ever before, only two in five surveyed by IT security company ESET were certain they had antivirus software on their mobile phones.,

Additionally, many also revealed they would consider downloading an app, entering an online competition, or clicking through to a deal received via email to take advantage of limited-time offers.

https://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/money/beatthescammers/article-6599375/Millions-risk-scammers-39-antivirus-phones.html?ito=link_share_article-factbox#mol-035bcd70-19af-11e9-bbfc-db5b5dd4f93b

HM Revenue And Customs Alert – 07/01/2019

HM Revenue and Customs Alert

What you need to know
Action Fraud has experienced an increase in the reporting of malicious calls, voicemails, text messages or emails to members of the public purporting to be from HMRC.

The fraudsters state that as a result of their non-payment of tax or other duty, the victim is liable to prosecution or other legal proceedings such as repossession of belongings to settle the balance but can avoid this by arranging for payment to be made immediately by method such as bank transfer or by iTunes gift cards.

If the victim is hesitant or refuses to comply, the suspect makes a threat such as immediate arrest, bailiffs or in cases where the victim appears to be of overseas origin; deportation.

Often, the period for which the tax is allegedly due is distant enough to guarantee the victim will have little, if any, paperwork or ability to verify the claims. Once the money is paid the suspects sever all contact.

It is vital that the public exercise caution when receiving messages or telephone calls of this nature.

What you need to do
Always question unsolicited requests for your personal or financial information. Just because someone knows your basic details (such as your name and contact details), it doesn’t mean they are genuine. Instead, contact the company directly using trusted methods such as a known email address or phone number.

Listen to your instincts. If something feels wrong then it is usually right to question it. No genuine organisation will ask you to pay taxes, bills or fees using iTunes Gift Cards, or any other type of voucher.

Don’t be rushed or pressured into making a decision. Under no circumstances would a genuine bank or some other trusted organisation force you to make a financial transaction on the spot.

Report Phishing attempts. If you receive a call, text or email of this nature and have not lost money, report this as a phishing attempt to Action Fraud.

Extortion Scam 29/10/2018

Cyber criminals send victims their own passwords in extortion scam

Cyber criminals are attempting to blackmail unsuspecting victims by claiming to have used the victims’ password to install spying malware on the victims’ computer. The criminals claim they’ve recorded videos of the victim watching adult material by activating their webcam when they visit these websites.

Victims report losing more than £21 million in one year to Computer Software Service fraud

  • Action Fraud campaign warns people about Computer Software Service fraud.
  • 22,000 victims reported losing £21 million in 2017/18.
  • Action Fraud figures show that Computer Software Service fraud is in the top five most reported fraud types.

Today (24 September 2018), Action Fraud launches a campaign to warn people about the threat of Computer Software Service fraud, one of the country’s most reported top five frauds.

What is Computer Software Service Fraud?

Computer Software Service fraud can start with either a phone call, an email or a pop-up message appearing on your computer, stating there is something wrong with your computer or internet connection and that it needs to be fixed. However, there will either be a demand for payment to fix it, or they will install software on the computer which will allow the criminals to access personal and financial details.

New intelligence

In 2017/18, Action Fraud received 22,609 reports of Computer Software Service fraud with a total of£21,365,360 being lost to fraudsters. An intelligence report run by the City of London Police’s National Fraud Intelligence Bureau has shown that men and women are equally susceptible to being targeted and the average age of a victim is 63. Figures also show that those living in London and Bristol are most likely to fall victim.

Raising awareness

This week, Action Fraud and the City of London Police are issuing protection advice on their social media channels to help people avoid becoming a victim of this type of fraud using the hashtag #CuttingComputerFraud.

It is also encouraging businesses to warn their customers about this type of fraud so that people are aware that they will never be contacted in this way.

City of London Polices Temporary Detective Chief Inspector, Lara Xenoudakis said:

“These fraudsters prey on vulnerable victims, doing everything they can to convince them there is something wrong with their computer.

“They use this as a way to gain immediate and in some cases multiple payments from the victim.

“During this campaign week, we are asking people to do everything they can to protect themselves from this type of fraud and stop fraudsters from thinking that this is an easy way to make money from unsuspecting victims.”

How to protect yourself from Computer Software Service fraud

  • Computer firms do not make unsolicited phone calls to help you fix your computer. Fraudsters make these phone calls to try to steal from you and damage your computer with malware. Treat all unsolicited phone calls with scepticism and don’t give out any personal information.
  • Computer firms tend not to send out unsolicited communication about security updates, although they do send security software updates. If in doubt, don’t open the email.
  • Computer firms do not request credit card information to validate copies of software. Nor do they ask for any personally identifying information, including credit card details.